What is spaying and neutering?
Spaying is the surgical removal of the reproductive organs of the female dog and neutering is the surgical removal of a male dog’s testicles. Both operations need to be performed by a veterinarian while the animal is under anaesthesia.
Benefits of sterilising your female pet
Female dogs experience a“heat” cycle approximately every six months, which can last up to 23 days. During this time, your dog will leave bloodstains, become more anxious, short tempered and actively seek a mate.
Female cats can come into heat every 2 weeks during the breeding season until they become pregnant. They may engage in behaviours such as frequent yowling and urination in unacceptable places.
Spaying at or before 6 months of age can decrease the risk of your female pet developing serious health conditions which include mammary (breast) cancer, infections of the uterus (pyometra) and uterine or ovarian cancer.
Benefits of sterilising your male pet
At sexual maturity (6-9 months of age) male dogs and cats are capable of breeding. Both male dogs and cats can start urine marking at this age. Some male dogs may even try to escape from the yard in search of females, which increases their risks of being run over by a car or going missing.
Neutering male dogs and cats reduces the need to breed and can have a calming effect, which makes them less inclined to roam and more content to stay at home. Neutering your male pet also improves his health, by reducing the risk of prostatic disease, testicular cancer and infections.
What is the best age to spay or neuter my pet?
Usually just before sexual maturity at about 6 months of age, but pets can be sterilised at any age.
Will it change my dog?
Your dog’s personality, ability to play, learn and work will not change, but sterilisation may decrease unwanted behavior, such as urinating inappropriately and aggression. An important factor to take into account is that some dogs can start to gain weight after sterilization. Feeding your pets correctly and giving them regular exercise may prevent this from happening
Do not hesitate to contact BVH with any further questions.